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  The English Civil War Information: Level 2

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  • In 1629, Charles decided to rule without parliament. He did so for the next 11 years.
  • Many people feared that Charles favoured the Catholics too much.
  • Charles spent a lot of money on paintings, his family and the expenses of the royal court.
  • In 1626, parliament refused to raise money for the king.
  • Charles' wife was a Catholic. He had children through this marriage.
  • Charles was very fond of dogs, particularly spaniels.
  • Charles was only 4 feet 7 inches tall.
  • In 1625, England fought an unsuccessful military expedition against Spain.
  • In 1634 Charles extended the use of an unpopular tax called "Ship Money."
  • In 1628, a military operation against France was a failure.
  • Ever since Henry VIII had been king there had been problems over religion in England. It would be difficult for any monarch to please everyone in England over religion.
  • In 1640, Charles fought a war against the Scots. He had to pay them money to maintain their armies while they occupied two counties in Northern England.
  • There were long term money problems in England which went back to the days of Elizabeth I. Anyone who was on the throne would have to raise more money in taxes.
  • Some text books suggest that Charles firmly believed he should keep all the real power of ruling the country to himself and that no-one had the right to question his decisions.
  • In 1642, Charles tried to arrest some of parliament's M.P.s and put them in prison. This caused riots and demonstrations in London. Charles left the city to raise an army to fight parliament.
  • Some text books suggest that over the previous 100 years, the power of the monarch declined (fell). These books also suggest that many people began to feel that parliament should have more power.

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