The Charfield Railway Disaster
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Tales of heroism and tragedy after engines collided
Rail Disaster Remembered
Over the years Gazette reporters and photographers have covered many
stories of national importance... but none which have made quite as
much impact as did the Charfield rail disaster of October 13, 1928.
Ironically the disaster coincided with the Gazette's Golden Jubilee
First newspaper man on the scene of the disaster was the Gazette's
editor/proprietor Mr F G Bailey, a skilled
photographer whose exclusive pictures have recorded the event for posterity.
Copies of his disaster pictures have been used by publications throughout the
Although there have been far worse disasters, the Charfield rail crash and
fire has continued to hold the public's imagination. The story has been told
again and again and it has been the subject of television and radio programmes.
There has also been a touch of mystery, with stories of a woman in black and
two child victims who were never claimed or identified.
It was the arrival of a passenger train ten
seconds early that led to 16 deaths in a horrific blaze that gutted coaches
and their occupants.
Passengers were travelling on the night mail train between Leeds and
Bristol. It steamed at 60 miles per hour towards sleepy Charfield village as a
51-wagon goods train was shunting backwards into a siding. Just another ten
seconds and the goods train would have been clear, but Lady Luck was looking
away that night.
For some reason never fully explained or understood, the mail train roared
past a signal at red and crashed into the goods train. Unfortunately, the mail
train was one of the older types still lit by gas (electricity was then
taking over for trains illumination) and gas cylinders were hung beneath the
front coaches. This gas ignited on impact, and the massed wreckage became a
funeral pyre within seconds.
As the train hurtled towards Charfield through patchy fog, most of the
passengers were asleep.
In the Charfield signal box signalman Henry Button accepted the mail train
from the Berkeley junction and put the signal to red. This should have halted
the train until the goods train was off the line.
But driver Henry Aldington and his fireman Frank Want read the distant
signal as green, and continued on their fateful journey.
The engine and tender of the goods train were still on the line as the mail
train hit them. Desperate efforts of the goods train driver to clear the
line were defeated by ten fateful seconds.
The mail train crashed into the goods tender, and ploughed off the line
into another goods train - luckily empty - passing on the up line.
The mail train landed on its side among the smashed wagons, and hot ashes
from the firebox spat over the line. Three coaches behind the engine
telescoped, falling against the brick bridge immediately above the line.
The mangled carcasses of the express
against the northern end of the bridge.
The impact was so great that passenger James Gaston was thrown through the
roof of his compartment to land, seriously injured, on the bridge road.
Minutes later he was found by villagers. He died in hospital.
The gas pipes fractured, and ashes from the firebox set the gas alight - the
shattered coaches were turned into a horrendous inferno.
Aroused by the noise of the crash, and the screaming of the dying and panic
stricken passengers, villagers rushed down to the cutting. They found flames
leaping from carriage to carriage, where passengers were trapped.
In a battle of time against the flames, villagers, railwaymen, and
passengers who had escaped unscathed made frantic attempts to free those
trapped in the wreckage.
"Some of the passengers were trapped by their arms and legs, and implored
us to cut off their limbs to save them from the flames," said Harry Long, of
Louis Huntley was returning to Penzance with this wife and widowed sister.
He was in the second coach. "I fell into a mass of struggling people. I told
my wife to jump and she did, but my sister was trapped from the waist down and
it was if she was held in a vice," he said.
"I heard the cries of trapped women in the next compartment, and was able
to free them. My sister was crying 'please free me' and I stuck at it until
the flames were only two or three feet away and I had to leave her to die..."
"I was knocked out by a blow on the jaw and came to, to hear screams," said
Mr Holman Brooke, who was accompanied by his fiancee, Hilda.
"I found myself lying on top of the wreckage crying out for Hilda but there
was no answer. I crawled on my hands and knees along the top of the wreckage
until some men brought me down by ladder."
Within 20 minutes flames were leaping 40 feet above the cutting. It
took five hours before fire engines from Gloucester, Bristol and Stroud
managed to get the flames under control.
But it was much later before anyone could face the grisly task of
recovering the bodies.
The Railway Tavern, near the bridge, was turned into a first-aid station.
More than 30 people were treated for minor injuries and 11 gravely injured
people were rushed to Bristol Hospital.
Relatives came to Charfield to identity the bodies. The charred remains
could only be identified, for the most part, by rings, watches, cigarette
cases, and, in one case a piece of distinctive shirt.
Only eight bodies had been identified at the inquest, four days later Mr
H J Beale, solicitor for LMS, told the court: "There seems to be no
detail missing to make this one of the most distressing cases for many years.
Many passengers owe their lives to the energy and resolution of villagers,
other passengers and of railway staff."
The charred remains of two children, one aged about five and the other
between 12 and 17, were found. In spite of nationwide publicity, no
one ever claimed the remains, and they were buried in a common grave at
In the last few seconds preceding the crash, driver Harry Aldington bent
helplessly over the controls. After the train overturned, he found himself up
to his armpits in coal from the tender.
He had survived the crash unhurt. He heard his fireman, Frank Want, calling
He dragged himself through a hole in the engine and began to help those
trapped, until the flames made this impossible.
Then he made his way to the Charfield signalbox, where signalman Henry
Button was gazing at the scene of carnage and destruction.
"What is the meaning of this lot?" shouted Aldington. "You have the distant
"Impossible," replied Button.
Aldington now faced the prospect of fighting to save his reputation, or
living with the knowledge that he had caused the death of 16 people.
For 37 years he had served the London, Midland and Scottish Railway well. For
the past 13 years he had been a driver with an impeccable record. Could
he have mistaken a red light for a green on?
At the inquest a few days later, it became apparent that responsibility for
the crash was being levelled at him.
Aldington explained to the Coroner that it was foggy in patches as he
approached Charfield, and that he expected fogmen to be out. Want supported
this view, which was confirmed by other drivers on the line at the time.
Want said that he had also seen the distant signal at green, and had said
to the driver: "Right away, mate."
But the signal man Button's records and timings showed that the distant
signal had been red for danger, and that no fogmen had been required as he had
been able to see the regulation distance.
The resumed inquest was held on October 31. After an absence of two hours,
the jury returned to say: "We are satisfied to say that signalmen Button was
not at fault and that his signals and apparatus were in good working order. We
are satisfied that in spite of conflicting evidence, about the fog, it was not
necessary to call out the fog signalmen.
"We are unanimously of the opinion that the collision was caused by the
negligence of driver Aldington in passing the signals when at danger."
Sir Seymour Williams, the coroner, said that he must interpret the verdict as
one of manslaughter against Aldington, and committed him for trial on that
charge on bail.
However, when Aldington appeared at Gloucester Assize, the case did not
proceed, and he was discharged.
The mystery of the two unclaimed children was resurrected in 1937, when a
young woman from London claimed the bodies were those of her two young
brothers. Strangely enough, her claim was never followed up.
From 1929 to the 1950s a mysterious woman in black was a regular visitor
to the grave of the two unknown.
The only person alive in 1978 to have seen this woman was a former German prisoner-of-war, Joe Kloiber, who
was reluctant to talk about her.
"The poor lady is at rest now I suppose," he said. "Why bring it up again?
All I can tell you is that she was frail, always dressed in black, and came
to the grave two or three times a year. The last time I saw her was sometime in
"She always arrived in a chauffeur-driven limousine, the car was not black,
but I cannot remember what colour. She would put flowers on the grave and pray
"As far as I know, none ever spoke to her . She was elderly looking all
those years ago, so I imagine she is dead now."
Nothing was ever found of Goodwin Jenkins, a student who had written to his
mother that he was coming home for the weekend.
In 1929 the Home Office consented to an inquest being held on him and for
the first time under the then new Coroners' Act an inquest was held without
evidence of body.
Mr. Mathias Nixon, a Halifax clerk, who had travelled in the
same compartment as Jenkins as far as Birmingham, recognised him from a
photograph; on this evidence, it was proved that Jenkins had died in the
Text reproduced from the GAZETTE CENTENARY SUPPLEMENT (October 28th 1978)
with the kind permission of the editor. CopyrightęGazette